Menstrual Leave: Bridging the Gap for Gender-Inclusive Workplaces

Even with growing awareness and improved education on menstruation in India, it continues to be a taboo subject. The prevailing work culture and perspectives on periods in corporate India do not contribute positively to advancing the cause of period sensitivity. Unlike countries such as Japan, South Korea, and Italy, where menstrual leave is a recognized norm, India’s legislative system has been slow to introduce similar policies in corporate settings. Bihar and Kerala remain the only states in India to have implemented two days of menstrual leave for women since 1992, as specified in its Human Resources guidelines.

The workplace remains a challenging environment for open discussions about menstruation, given the associated stigma. As a result, many women opt to silently endure menstrual discomfort rather than assert their right to rest. The undeniable impact of menstruation on women is highlighted by estimates from the Endometriosis Society India, indicating that over 25 million women struggle with endometriosis, a condition causing severe period pain that can lead to fainting. 

Menstrual leave acknowledges that menstruation can be physically and emotionally challenging for many women. By providing dedicated leave for these days, companies prioritize the well-being of their female employees, allowing them the necessary time to rest and recover. This not only enhances individual health but also contributes to a more compassionate and understanding workplace culture.

Contrary to concerns about reduced productivity, studies show that allowing menstrual leave can have a positive impact on overall productivity. When women are granted the time to manage their health needs without the added stress of work responsibilities, they return to work more focused, energized, and ready to contribute effectively. Prioritizing employee well-being ultimately leads to a more engaged and productive workforce.

Implementing menstrual leave is a step towards gender equality and the empowerment of women in the workforce. It sends a powerful message that the company values and supports the unique health needs of female employees. This gesture fosters a sense of inclusion and equity, encouraging women to pursue and thrive in their professional aspirations.

Zomato, an Indian food delivery service, sparked a widespread conversation about menstrual health and gender equality by introducing a policy granting female employees up to 10 days of ‘period leave’ per year. Following this initiative, numerous startups in India have followed suit, allowing female employees to take one or two days off during their menstrual cycles. In a recent move to transform workspaces into more gender-inclusive environments, women teachers in Uttar Pradesh initiated a campaign in July 2021. The campaign advocated for a specific set of days to be designated as paid holidays for teachers during their menstrual periods.

We should educate everyone about periods and make sure people know how normal and natural they are. Everyone should feel okay joining these conversations, whether it’s in personal or work situations. 

According to a 2019 report by the NGO Dasra, 23 million girls in India drop out of school each year due to a lack of menstrual hygiene management facilities. A meta-analysis of 138 studies involving 97,070 girls from across India found that one-fourth of girls aged 10–19 miss school during their periods.


The call for menstrual leave is not an assertion of menstruation as a handicap but rather a plea for acknowledging the unique challenges that women may face during their menstrual cycles. It’s an appeal for empathy and understanding, emphasizing the need to create an inclusive and supportive work and educational environment that respects and accommodates the biological diversity of its members. The discourse should focus on fostering open conversations, breaking taboos, and working towards solutions that empower women rather than perpetuating stigmas.

It’s important to spread awareness about periods and make sure everyone understands that they are a normal part of life. Periods shouldn’t be hidden away or used as a reason to treat someone differently. We need to start this change from the basics – discussing periods openly, including the not-so-fun parts like cramps. And let’s involve everyone, not just women, but also men, kids, and coworkers, in these conversations. Everyone should be comfortable talking about this, whether it’s in personal or work settings.

Conversations about menstrual flow and cramps should transcend the confines of women’s locker-room discussions and become open dialogues, where men, children, and coworkers willingly participate, both on a personal and professional level. It becomes the responsibility of men to not only acknowledge but also normalize this entirely natural occurrence. Real change begins at a personal level—policy alterations and legislative measures, while impactful, can only go so far in combating discrimination and insensitivity toward menstruation. By fostering this societal shift, our most valuable workers and employees stand to gain significantly in terms of satisfaction and efficiency.

Contemplating the legislative rules about menstrual leave? Only time will tell if there’s a positive shift in support of addressing this significant concern.

To read 

Links:-

https://www.peoplematters.in/site/interstitial?return_to=%2Fnews%2Fwellness%2Fwhile-smriti-irani-opposes-paid-menstrual-leave-these-firms-have-always-been-in-favour-39780#:~:text=A%20few%20Indian%20states%20too,state%2Drun%20higher%20education%20institutions.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9652700/#:~:text=According%20to%20the%20National%20Family,rural%2072.3%25

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/1-in-4-girls-skips-school-during-periods/articleshow/103528461.cms

Written by

Yamini